Penny Ashton - 1990

  Getting Started     CONVENTIONS  
clv=clove
C=Cup
drp=drop
lg=large
med=medium
oz=ounces
pkg=package
pnch=pinch
lb=Pound
qt=quart
sls=slices
sm=small
stk=stick
T=Tablespoon
t=Teaspoon
w/=with
can of soup=10 ½oz. Campbell’s Condensed Soup.
    #1 RULE OF COOKING   All cooking starts with a dish pan of hot soapy water. Wash or put things to soak as you finish the preparation steps. You’ll cook more often if it isn’t a disaster when you’re through.     ROUX   (Pronounced “Roo”, like Kanga’s child in Winnie the Pooh)   “Make a Roux” means, to melt butter or fat in a small pan then add flour to form a paste. Cook the paste for 3 to 5 minutes to rid the mixture of it’s floury taste. Add the paste to soups or stews to thicken them. You also may add liquid to the Roux to make gravy or sauce. When I make a sauce I like to add liquid, cold and all at once.     HOW TO BUY   Buy minced Garlic packed in oil in a jar - ½t. = 1 clove. Buy Tomato Paste in a tube (Cost Plus). Buy small bottle of fresh Lemon Juice.   Whenever you see flour listed in tablespoons in a recipe, think Wondra. Buy Wondra in small round canister, store it with your spices.     HINTS  
  1. Learn to Sift/Grate onto waxed paper.
  2. Try to use “Cook & Serve” containers.
  3. Cover Broiler Pans & cookie sheets with aluminum foil so you don’t have to clean them.
  4. Put 1 sheet of aluminum foil on oven floor so you don’t have to clean it.
  5. When using dry herbs & spices, rub them between your hands to refresh them. Most dried herbs & spices start getting stale with in 3 months of purchase. Buy in very small amounts.
  6. Use a turkey baster to suck excess fat from food. Just be sure to take apart then rinse barrel well under hot water and toss in dish water.
  7. Recipe calls for Buttermilk, but you don't have any? Use the same amount of Yogurt. Don't have Yogurt either? Use Regular milk but add a little Cider Vinegar (1T per cup).
  8. You can make your own window cleaner by adding 2T cornstarch and ½ C Vinegar to 1 Gal water.
    HEALTH & SAFETY
  1. Be aware that many canned soups and broths are very heavy in salt content. Use infrequently and taste before adding more salt.
  2. Aluminum cookware is currently suspect as contributing to Alzheimer’s Disease. Old fashioned cast iron, however, is supposed to release iron that can be used by our bodies.
  3. Microwave Safe Glass: To me that means PYREX, Corningware or dishes purchased in a cookware store. This is critical when you start cooking at the high temperatures that are required for candy.